The Manhattan apartment rental market has been heating up for months, and
second-quarter market reports released today by residential brokerages Citi
Habitats and Prudential Douglas Elliman show skyrocketing rents. Now, the question is how long the rent increases will continue.
The Citi Habitats report, which covers all transactions brokered by the firm in the second quarter and takes concessions into account, shows a year-over-year increase in price of about 10 percent for Manhattan apartments. The
average rent for a one-bedroom apartment in Manhattan was $2,672 and two-bedroom units
averaged $3,757 per month, up 9.2 percent and 10.8 percent, respectively, from the second
quarter of 2010. But three-bedroom apartments experienced the largest price
increase over last year — 11.3 percent — and now rent for $4,985 on average.
The most expensive area was the West Village where one-bedroom rents reached $3,457, followed by Soho and Tribeca where one-bedrooms netted $3,454 on average. The least expensive areas were Upper Manhattan and the Upper East Side, where rents averaged $2,621 for a one-bedroom apartment.
Meanwhile, the borough’s vacancy rate was 0.72 percent for the quarter, the lowest
rate since the firm began tracking the statistic in 2002. Last quarter’s vacancy rate
was 1.08 percent, and the rate stood at 0.97 during the same period a year ago.
“Looking at the numbers, I am surprised at how fast the vacancy rate came down and
prices went up,” said Gary Malin, president of Citi Habitats. Malin attributed this, in part, to a lack of new rental inventory, and
New York’s relative immunity from the high unemployment rate because of the
diversity of jobs available in the city.
Most of that rapid increase occurred in April. Compared to
the first quarter of 2011, rents have increased by about 5 percent across all units, according to the Citi
Habitats report. Most of those increases came in April when prices for studios
and bedrooms jumped 3 and 4 percent from their March figures. Since
then, rents have shown modest month-to-month growths of 1 percent or less.
“Owners can’t continue raising prices at such a crazy pace every month,” Malin said. He added that “you’ll see
another two months of price appreciation, for sure,” but by the time the busy spring
and summer season ends, prices will flatten. “We have to see what happens with
unemployment and the economy as a whole,” he said, noting rumors of impending
layoffs on Wall Street.
But Jonathan Miller, the president of appraisal firm Miller Samuel and the preparer
of Elliman’s report, believes prices still have a long way to rise before they peak.
According to Elliman’s second-quarter report, which covers sales by all firms thanks to data from the Real Estate Board of New York, the average rental unit in Manhattan costs $3,455 per month when
taking landlord concessions into account.
But adjusted for inflation the 10-year peak rent was $4,973, achieved in the fourth-quarter of 2006, and rents are still 39 percent below that level.
Miller said he believes rental demand has been spurred by potential buyers who opt to
rent due to an inability to obtain financing for a purchase. And he doesn’t see that
situation changing in the near future.
“While rents are rising at a respectable pace, we’re not at some unattainable height,”
he said. “There’s still a lot of wiggle room for upward increases.”
Most of the increases come from
a “complete collapse” in the number of landlord concessions, according to Miller. Last year at
this time, 60 percent of all new leases included some kind of landlord concession,
and even as recently as the first quarter of 2011, 36.8 percent of rentals included
concessions. In the second quarter of 2011 that figure came all the way down to 3.4
The number of new rentals rose 28.6 percent from last quarter and 51.5 percent
year-over-year to 8,572, according to Elliman. Miller and Malin both
attributed that to rising rents and fewer concessions, which led tenants to seek better deals.