The Real Deal New York

The capital stack for condo construction is becoming more layered than ever

Complex financing mix now often requires tranches of sponsor equity, mezzanine debt, preferred equity, EB-5 funds and even the prospect of crowdfunding
(Click to enlarge)

(Click to enlarge)

From the July issue: When it comes to condominium construction, the many tiers of equity and debt needed to get the job done have become all the more complicated.
As the amount of money that U.S. banks are willing to lend to developers has decreased tremendously in the past year — especially for ultra-luxury projects — those looking to build condos from the ground up must cobble together financing from a wider array of alternative sources. That includes additional equity partners, high-yield debt funds, hedge funds and foreign investors. [more]