As bank loans dry up, condo developers are cobbling together funds any way they can

Capital stack for many of those projects often includes multiple tranches of sponsor equity, mezzanine debt, preferred equity, EB-5 funds and even crowdfunding

From the July issue: When it comes to condominium construction, the many tiers of equity and debt needed to get the job done have become all the more complicated.

Sign Up for the undefined Newsletter

As the amount of money that U.S. banks are willing to lend to developers has decreased tremendously in the past year — especially for ultra-luxury projects — those looking to build condos from the ground up must cobble together financing from a wider array of alternative sources. That includes additional equity partners, high-yield debt funds, hedge funds and foreign investors. [more]